Bruce Michael Greenwald, M.D.

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

Publications

Articles and Chapters

  1. Wilkinson JD, Greenwald BM: The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: Impact on the pediatric intensive care unit. Crit Care Clin 1988; 4:831-844.
  2. Notterman DA, Castello FV, Steinberg C, Greenwald BM, O'Loughlin JE, Gold JP: A comparison of thermodilution and pulsed Doppler cardiac output measurement in critically ill children. J Pediatr 1989; 115:554-560.
  3. Notterman DA, Greenwald BM, DiMaio-Hunter A, Wilkinson JD, Krasinski K, Borkowski W: Outcome after assisted ventilation in children with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Crit Care Med 1990; 18: 18-20.
  4. Greenwald BM, Notterman DA, DeBruin WJ, McCready M: Percutaneous axillary artery catheterization in critically ill infants and children. J Pediatr 1990; 117:442-444.
  5. Notterman DA, Greenwald BM, Moran F, DiMaio-Hunter A, Metakis L, Reidenberg MM: Dopamine clearance in critically ill children: Effect of age and organ system dysfunction. Clin Pharmacol Ther 1990; 48:138-147.1.
  6. Greenwald BM, Notterman DA: Care of the critically ill child. In: Critical Care of the Cancer Patient, 2nd Edition; Groeger JS (Ed); Mosby-Year Book, Inc, St. Louis; 1991:299-319.
  7. Greenwald BM: Update - AIDS in the pediatric ICU. In: Pediatric Critical Care Clinical Review Series, Part 3; Gioia FR, Yeh TS (Eds); The Society of Critical Care Medicine, Fullerton, CA; 1991:113-131.
  8. DeBruin WJ, Greenwald BM, Notterman DA: Fluid resuscitation in pediatrics. Crit Care Clin 1992; 8:423-438.
  9. Bojko T, Notterman DA, Greenwald BM, Pon S, DeBruin WJ, Magid MS, Godwin T: Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure in children following bone marrow transplantation: An outcome and pathological study. Crit Care Med 1995; 23:755-759.
  10. Greenwald BM, Ghajar J, Notterman DA: Critical care of children with acute brain injury: In: Advances in Pediatrics; Barness, LA (Ed), Mosby St. Louis, 1995; 42:47-89.
  11. Brill PW, Winchester P, Cahill P, Lesser M, Auld PAM, Greenwald B: Computed radiography in neonatal and pediatric intensive care units: a comparison of 2.5K X 2K soft-copy images vs digital hard-copy film. Pediatr Radiol 1996; 26:333-336.
  12. Contibuting Author: In: APLS- The Pediatric Emergency Medicine Course, 3rd Edition; Strange GR (Ed), The American College of Emergency Physicians, Dallas, and the American Academy of Pediatrics, Elk Grove Village, Ill, 1998.
  13. Hartl R, Greenwald BM, Ghajar J: Acute head injuries in children: In: Conn's Current Therapy, 2002; Rake RE, Bode ET (Eds), WB Sanders Company, Orlando, 2002.
  14. Carcillo JA, Fields AI, American College of Critical Care Medicine Task Force Committee Members: Clinical practice parameters for hemodynamic support of pediatric and neonatal patients in septic shock. Crit Care Med 2002; 30:1365-78.
  15. Bishop NB, Pon S, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM: Alteplase in the treatment of complicated parapneumonic effusion: A case report. Pediatrics 2003; 111(2): E188-190.
  16. Holdsworth MT, Fichtl RE, Behta M, Raisch DW, Mendez-Rico E, Adams A, Greifer M, Bostwick S, Greenwald BM: Incidence of adverse drug events in pediatric patients. Arch Pediatr Adoesc Med 2003; 157:60-65.
  17. Kutko MC, Calarco MP, Flaherty MB, Helmrich RF, Ushay M, Pon S, Greenwald BM: Mortality of pediatric septic shock may be lower than previously reported: Mortality rates in pediatric septic shock with and without multiple organ system failure. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2003; 4:333-337.
  18. Meyer GK, DeLaMora PA: Last Minute Pediatrics: A Concise Review for the Specialty Boards; Greenwald BM (Editorial Advisor), McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing Division, New York, 2004.
  19. Ushay HM, Greenwald BM: Perioperative care of children with cancer: Intensive care perspectives. In: Perioperative Cancer Medicine: Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Control in Cancer Patients, Shaw AD, Riedel BJCJ, Burton AW, Feeley TW, Fields A (Eds), Marcel Dekker, New York, 2005.
  20. Yurt RW, Howell JD, Greenwald BM: Burns, Electrical injury, and smoke inhalation. In: Rogers#146; Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care; Nichols, DG (Ed), Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, New York, 2008.
  21. Carcillo JA, American College of Critical Care Medicine Task Force Committee Members: Revised clinical practice parameters for hemodynamic support of pediatric and neonatal patients in septic shock. Crit Care Med (In press).
  22. Fundamentals of Pediatric Critical Care Support Textbook, Co-Editor (In Preparation).

Published Abstracts and Presentations

  1. DiMaio-Hunter A, Notterman D, Wilkinson JD, Greenwald B, Krasinski K: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in children: Outcome following assisted ventilation. Pediatr Res 1987; 23:201A. Presented at: Society for Pediatric Research; Anaheim, California; May 1987
  2. DiMaio-Hunter A, Notterman D, Greenwald B, Krasinski K: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in children: Outcome following assisted ventilation. Crit Care Med 1987; 15:412. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; Anaheim, California; May 1987.
  3. Greenwald B, Wilkinson J, Notterman D: Mortality associated with PICU admission in pediatric oncologic and bone marrow transplantation patients. Clin Res 1988; 36:37lA. Presented at: Pediatric Critical Care Colloquium; Washington; April l988.
  4. Notterman D, Metakis L, DiMaio A, Greenwald B: Hepatic dysfunction is associated with reduced dopamine clearance in critically ill infants. Clin Res 1988; 36:372A. Presented at: American Federation for Clinical Research, National Meeting; May 1988 (Poster)
  5. Notterman D, Metakis L, DiMaio-Hunter A, Greenwald B: Dopamine elimination in critically ill patients: effect of liver dysfunction. Crit Care Med 1988; 16:442. Presented at:Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; Orlando, Florida; June 1988.
  6. Moran F, Wilkinson J, Notterman D, Greenwald B: ICU resource utilization by pediatric patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clin Res 1988; 36:347A.
  7. Greenwald BM, Notterman DA: Axillary artery catheterization in critically ill infants and children. Crit Care Med 1989; 17:S124. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; New Orleans; June 1989. (Poster)
  8. DeBruin W, Notterman DA, Greenwald B: Mortality of ARDS in infants and children. Crit Care Med 1989; 17:S111. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; New Orleans; June 1989. (Poster)
  9. Greenwald B, Notterman DA: A prospective evaluation of axillary artery catheterization in infants and children. Pediatr Res 1989; 25:37A.
  10. DeBruin W, Notterman DA, Greenwald B: Sepsis and neutropenia in children with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Pediatr Res 1989; 25:34A.
  11. Notterman D, Pon S, Greenwald B, et al: Effect of diagnosis related group (DRG) payment upon a PICU. Crit Care Med 1990; 18:S267. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; San Francisco; June 1990.
  12. Notterman DA, Metakis L, Greenwald B: Clinical pharmacology of isoproterenol in children with status asthmaticus: Need for high dosage is based upon pharmacodynamic rather than kinetic factors. Pediatr Res 1992; 31:33A. Presented at: Society for Pediatric Research; Baltimore; May 1992. (Poster)
  13. Greenwald BM, McLaughlin GE, Pon S, Notterman DA: Corticosteroids as salvage therapy for Pneumocystis Carinii pneumonia and severe respiratory failure in pediatric AIDS patients. Crit Care Med 1993; 21:A156. Presented at: Fifth Pediatric Critical Care Colloquium; Snowbird, Utah; January 1992, and New Jersey Society of Critical Care Medicine's Annual Scientific Symposium; Philadelphia; October 1992.
  14. Bojko T, Notterman DA, Greenwald BM, et al: Pulmonary pathology in children with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Pediatr Res 1993; 33:31A. Presented at: Sixth Pediatric Critical Care Colloquium; Philadelphia; March 1993
  15. Greenwald BM, Notterman DA, Pon S: Continuous positive airway pressure by facemask (M-CPAP) to treat profound hypoxemia associated with acute severe asthma. Pediatr Res 1993; 33:34A. Presented at: Society for Pediatric Research; Washington, D.C.; May 1993
  16. Bojko T, Notterman DA, Greenwald BM, et al: Pulmonary pathology in children with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure after bone marrow transplantation. Crit Care Med 1993; 21:S151. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; New York; June 1993. (Poster)
  17. Greenwald BM, Notterman DA, Pon S, Steinberg C: Continuous positive airway pressure by facemask to treat profound hypoxemia associated with acute severe asthma. Crit Care Med 1993; 21:S154. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Educational and Scientific Symposium; New York; June 1993. (Poster)
  18. Greenwald BM, Pon S, Notterman DA: Assisted ventilation in infants and children with HIV infection. Crit Care Med 1994; 22:A145. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; Orlando; January 1994. (Poster)
  19. McCready M, Greenwald BM, Scolavino J, et al: A prospective evaluation of unplanned extubations in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Crit Care Med 1994; 22:A154. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; Orlando; January 1994. (Poster)
  20. Bojko T, Greenwald BM, Pon S, et al: Role of pediatric critical care fellows in urban interhospital transport. Crit Care Med 1994; 22:A151. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; Orlando; January 1994. (Poster)
  21. Baird JS, Greenwald BM, Notterman DA: Adolescents admitted to an urban, tertiary pediatric intensive care unit. J Ad Hes 1996; 18:159. Presented at: Society for Adolescent Medicine Annual Meeting; Arlington, Virginia, March 1996. (Poster)
  22. Percy S Jr, Greenwald BM, Pretino T, Notterman DA: Effects of indwelling femoral artery catheters on leg growth. Pediatrics 1996; 98:547. Presented at: American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Meeting; Boston; October 1996.
  23. Kelly M, Sjoberg-Gilker J, Hanauske H, Greenwald BM: Markers of extracellular matrix metabolism in pediatric patients with acute lung injury. Crit Care Med 1999; 27,1: A160. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; San Francisco; February 1999. (Poster)
  24. Kelly M, Ushay HM, Pon S, Greenwald BM: High dose methylprednisolone may lessen severity of septic shock in pediatric cancer patients Crit Care Med 1999; 27:A89. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; San Francisco; February 1999. (Poster)
  25. Kelly M, Sjoberg-Gilker J, Greenwald B, Hanauske H: The connective tissue reaction to acute lung injury in children: Emerging surrogate serum markers for the extracellular matrix.Pediatr Res 1999; 45:42A.
  26. McQueen DA, Petras C, Bussell J, Greenwald BM: Comparison of continuous to bolus platelet infusion in pediatric patients refractory to platelet transfusion. Crit Care Med 1999; 27,12:A69. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; Orlando; February 2000. (Poster)
  27. Kutko MC, Calarco MP, Ushay M, Pon S, Greenwald BM: Mortality of pediatric septic shock may be lower than previously reported. Crit Care Med 2000; 28,12:A201. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposium; San Francisco; February 2001. (Poster). Abstract received Society of Critical Care Medicine In Training Award
  28. Stiles EF, Pass R, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM: Routine electrocrdiogram may not be necessary in all pediatric intensive care unit admissions. Crit Care Med 2001; 29,12: A137. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 31st Critical Care Congress; San Diego; January; 2002. (Poster)
  29. McCready M, Mendez-Rico E, Brandt K, Hamlin-Cook P, Sahni M., Panouryas C, Pon S, Greenwald B: Pediatric Medication Error Reduction. Crit Care Med 2001; 29,12:A172. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 31st Critical Care Congress; San Diego; January; 2002 (Poster)
  30. Kutko MC, Calarco MP, Helmrich RF, Flaherty MB, Ushay HM, Pon S, Greenwald BM: Multiple organ system failures associated with increased mortality in pediatric septic shock. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,2; A131. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 32nd Critical Care Congress; San Antonio; February 2003. (Poster)
  31. Orr RA, Kuch B, Carcillo J, Han Y, McKloskey K, Day S, Greenwald B, Pearson-Shaver A: Shock is under-reported in children transported for respiratory distress: A multi-center study. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,12; A18. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 33rd Critical Care Congress; Orlando; February 2004. Abstract received Society of Critical Care Medicine Annual Scientific Award
  32. Malkani G, Wu AB, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: Circadian clock modulation of the immune system. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,12; A42. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 33rd Critical Care Congress; Orlando;February 2004 (Poster)
  33. Malkani G, Meyer M, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: Period2 gene deficient mice demonstrate complete recovery from gram-negative septic shock induced by intraperitoneal injection of E.coli lipopolysaccaride. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,12; A42. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 33rd Critical Care Congress; Orlando;February 2004 (Poster)
  34. Malkani G, Meyer M, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: There is a circadian variation to gram-negative septic shock related mortality in mice injected intraperitoneally with E.coli lipopolysaccaride. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,12; A43. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 33rd Critical Care Congress; Orlando;February 2004 (Poster)
  35. Mastropietro CW, Bojko T, Pon S, Greenwald BM: Evolution of a pediatric critical care interhospital transport system. Crit Care Med 2003; 31,12; A76. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 33rd Critical Care Congress; Orlando;February 2004 (Poster)
  36. Malkani G, Meyer M, Ushay HM, Sun ZS, Greenwald BM: N-Methylnitrosourea induced lymphomas in circadian clock function deficient mice. Pediatr Res 2004; 50:299A Presented at: Pediatric Academic Societies#146; Annual Meeting; San Francisco; May 2004 (Poster)
  37. Roth KR, Pitetti RD, Orr RA, Cassidy LD, McKloskey K, Day S, Greenwald B, Pearson-Shaver A: Predicting mortality and measuring morbidity in pediatric transport. Crit Care Med 2004; 32,12; A5. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 34th Critical Care Congress; Phoenix; January 2005.
  38. Katyal C, Malkani G, Meyer M, Pon S, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: Role of baseline corticosterone levels in survival after LPS induced septic shock in mice. Crit Care Med 2004; 32,12; A128. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 34th Critical Care Congress; Phoenix; January 2005. (Poster)
  39. Malkani G, Meyer M, Katyal C, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: Circadian response of pro-inflammatory cytokines to lipopolysaccaride injection in mice. Crit Care Med 2004; 32,12; A129. Presented: Society of Critical Care Medicine 34th Critical Care Congress; Phoenix; January 2005. (Poster)
  40. Katyal C, Meyer M, Ushay HM, Greenwald BM, Sun ZS: Loss of circadian variation in corticosterone response to E. Coli lipopolysaccaride (LPS) in per2-/- knockout mice (P2KM). Crit Care Med 2005; 33,12; A148. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 35th Critical Care Congress; San Francisco; January 2006. (Poster)
  41. Traube C, Greenwald B, Wargall S: Immunization against RSV by genetic delivery of an anti-RSV antibody. Crit Care Med 2006; 34,12; A39. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 36th Critical Care Congress; Orlando; February 2007. (Poster)
  42. Ross SL, Greenwald B, Howell J, Pon S: Outcomes following thoracoabdominal resection for neuroblastoma. Crit Care Med 2006; 34,12; A74. Presented at: Society of Critical Care Medicine 36th Critical Care Congress; Orlando; February 2007. (Poster)

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